Linguistic and Discoursal Features of Text Message Language Created by Iranian Male and Female SMS Users

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Sheikhbahaee University

Abstract

The present study sought to examine the linguistic and discoursal features in the language of the text messages created by Iranian EFL learners. To this end, 400 text messages were collected from both genders. The contents of the collected data were analyzed in terms of linguistic features as well as discoursal features. The results highlighted the important role of gender in linguistic and discoursal features of text messages created by Iranian mobile phone users. More specifically, females’ use of complex sentences, formal opening and closing, and expression of thoughts, feelings, and emotions in their messages were much higher than men who created simple, short and to the point messages. The findings of this study highlight the role of text messages as a pedagogical tool since they are widely used to send or receive learning or information contents.

Keywords

Baron, N. S. F., & Ling, R. (2007). Text messaging am dim. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 26 (3), 291-298.

Beslile, R. (1996). Email activities in the ESL writing class. Retrieved  from http://iteslj.org/Articles/Beslile-email.html

Bodomo, A. B., & Lee, C. K. M. (2004). Linguistic features of sms texts in Hong Kong. Australian Journal of Communication, 11,63-85.

Climate, C. (1997). Men and women talking: The differences use of speech and language by gender. Retrieved from

     http://www.google..../ differential language.html

 

Doring, N. (2002). Abbreviations and acronyms in SMS communication. Retrieved from http://www.nicola-doering.de/

Eisenman, R. (1997). Men and women gender differences: The attitudes of three feminists - Gloria Steinem, Gloria Allred and Bella Azbug. Retrieved from

http://www.google.com/search?q=cache:www…./eisenman.html+men+women+differences&ht=e

Eldridge, M., & Grinter, R. (2001). Y do tngrs luv 2 txt msg? Proceedings of seventh European Conference on Computer- Supported Cooperative Work ECSCW 1, 219-238.

Elvis, F. W. (2009). The Sociolinguistics of mobile phone SMS usage in Cameroon and Nigeria. The International Journal of Language Society and Culture, 28 (28), 25-41.

Fortunati, L. (2000). The mobile phone: New social categories and relations. Sosiale konsekvenser av mobiltelefoni, Oslo: Telenor. 

Grinter, R., & Eldridge, M. (2003). Want2tlk?: Everyday text messaging. Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 441-448.

Hall, E. T., & Hall, M. R. (1990). Understanding cultural differences: Germans, French and Americans.Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Hard of Segerstad, Y. (2005). Language use in Swedish mobile text messaging. In R. Ling & P. E. Pedersen (Eds.), Mobile communications: Re-negotiation of the social sphere (pp. 313-333).London: Springer-Verlog.

Hayati, A., Jalilifar, A., & Mashhadi, A. (2013). Using short message service (sms) to teach English idioms to EFL students. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44 (1), 66-81.

Herring, S. C. (2001). Computer-Mesdiated discourse. In D. Schiffrin, D. Tannen, & H. Hamilton (Eds.), The handbook of discourse analysis (pp. 612-634).Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Horstmanshof, L., & Power, M. R. (2005). Mobile phones, sms, and relationships. Australian Journal of Communication, 32 (1), 33-52.

Lakoff, R. (1975). Language and women’s place. New York, NY: Harper and Row.

Ling, R., & Yttri, B. (2002). Hyper-Coordination via mobile phones in Norway. In J. E. Katz & M. Aakhus (Eds.), Perpetual contact (pp. 139-169).Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ling, R. (2001). We release them little by little: Maturation and gender identity as seen in the use of mobile telephony. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 5 (2),123-136.

Ling, R. (2003). The Socio-linguistic of SMS: An analysis of SMS use by random sample of Norwegians. In R. Ling & P. Pedersen (Eds.), Mobile communications: Renegotiation of the social sphere (pp. 335-349).London: Springer.

Nemati, A., & Bayer, M (2007). Gender differences in the use of linguistic forms in the speech of men and women: A comparative study of Persian and English. Glossa, 3 (1), 185-201.

Pertierra, R. (2005). Mobile phones, identity and discursive intimacy. Human Technology, 1 (1), 23-44.

Rettie, R. (2007). Texters not talkers: Phone call version among mobile phone users. Psychnology Journal, 5 (1), 33-57.

Rheingold, H. (2003). Smart mobs: The next social revolution. New York: Perseus Books.

Tannen, D. (1990). You just don’t understand: Women and men in conversation. New York, NY: William Morrow.

Thurlow, C., & Brown, A.  (2003). Generation Txt? The sociolinguistics of young people’s text-messaging. Retrieved from

         http://www.shu.ac.uk/daol/articles/v1/n1/a3/Thurlow2002003-paper.html

 

Thurlow, C. (2005). Deconstructing adolescent communication. Retrieved from http:// www. Faculty. Washington. Edu/Thurlow (2005)-chapter.pdf

Uchida, A. (1992). When difference is dominance: A critique of the anti-power-based cultural approach to gender differences. Language in Society, 21 (4), 547-568.